World building is not just used as a guide in building the world of your story. As a matter of fact, this is the very essence and at the same time, foundation of a good science fiction or fantasy story as well as other genres. A good world building leads to richness in your writing while giving your readers valuable information that they have to know and understand about your characters and the plot lines. How writers must proceed on the world building to their fiction then? To be able to know more about this subject, we are going to break it into 3 main categories and these are imaginary worlds, alternate reality and actual locations.
When it comes to imaginary world, the entire fictional universes is constructed mainly in basis of fantasy genres while in alternate reality, the details of our world is re-envisioned which is quite popular to a lot of science fiction writers and last, actual locations wherein the invocation of real places of our world is used in the novels minus fantasy elements.
Being able to create an imaginary world is among the most complicated and challenging kinds of world-building. Most of the times, it is used in science fiction and fantasy in which the writer is conjuring the details of his/her world from ground up including the geography, lore, language, history, characters, politics, religion and social customs.
It does makes sense that creating these said elements to build the fictional world can be hard and challenging as well and being able to decide where it should start is sometimes impossible. If you want some inspiration, you can look at some of the universes built by famous authors such as J.R.R Tolkien, J.K. Rowling and many other great writers/authors.
Obviously, not all writers have the ability or capacity to create a functional and fictional language but budding world builders could still follow the prior authors as a start. As a matter of fact, there is a technique that can b used in building your imaginary world and that is by finding which aspect you are fond the most. Never underestimate this for the reason that this can help in building your story and at the same time, describe your world in which your readers will be captivated.
Once you get the hang of it, starting to work out the details and other information will become easier. One way of doing this is by asking a set of question related to different elements of your world. This may be done as if you are describing your country or home to a person who is totally clueless about it.